3) Effetti immunomodulanti delle cellule staminali mesenchimali

Braz J Med Biol Res. 2010 May;43(5):425-30. Epub 2010 Apr 23.

Immunomodulatory effect of mesenchymal stem cells.


Herrero C, Pérez-Simón JA.
Hospital Clínico Universitario de Salamanca, Spain.


Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are multipotential nonhematopoietic progenitor cells capable of differentiating into multiple mesenchymal tissues. MSC are able to reconstitute the functional human hematopoietic microenvironment and promote engraftment of hematopoietic stem cells. MSC constitutively express low levels of major histocompatibility complex-I molecules and do not express costimulatory molecules such as CD80, CD86 or CD40, thus lacking immunogenicity. Furthermore, they are able to suppress T- and B-lymphocyte activation and proliferation and may also affect dendritic cell maturation. Based on these properties, MSC are being used in regenerative medicine and also for the treatment of autoimmune diseases and graft-versus-host disease. On the other hand, MSC from patients diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndromes or multiple myeloma display abnormalities, which could play a role in the physiopathology of the disease. Finally, in patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura, MSC have a reduced proliferative capacity and a lower inhibitory effect on T-cell proliferation compared with MSC from healthy donors.