4) Ruolo delle cellule mesenchimali stromali nel trapianto di organo solido

Transplant Rev (Orlando). 2008 Oct;22(4):262-73. Epub 2008 Jul 24.

Role of mesenchymal stromal cells in solid organ transplantation.

Hematti P.
Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53792, USA. [email protected]


Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) originally isolated from bone marrow have been derived from almost every tissue in the body. These multipotent cells can be differentiated in vitro and in vivo into various cell types of mesenchymal origin, such as bone, fat, and cartilage. Furthermore, under some experimental conditions, these cells can differentiate into a wider variety of cell types. Upon systemic administration, ex vivo expanded MSCs preferentially home to damaged tissues and participate in regeneration processes through their diverse biological properties. In vitro and in vivo data suggest that MSCs have low inherent immunogenicity and modulate/suppress immunologic responses through interactions with different immune cells. Ease of isolation and ex vivo expansion of MSCs, combined with their intriguing differentiation and immunomodulatory potential, and their impressive record of safety in clinical trials make these cells prime candidates for cellular therapy. Mesenchymal stromal cells derived from bone marrow are currently being evaluated for a wide range of clinical applications including for treatment of immune dysregulation disorders such as acute graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. In the future, MSCs might potentially provide novel therapeutic options for treatment/prevention of rejection and/or repair of organ allografts through their multifaceted properties.