7)[Rigenerazione della cartilagine articolare usando le cellule staminali]

Clin Calcium. 2008 Dec;18(12):1744-9.

[Articular cartilage regeneration using stem cells]

Kanamoto T, Nakamura N, Nakata K, Yoshikawa H.
Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Japan.


Articular cartilage plays pivotal roles in securing smooth joint kinematics and act as a shock absorber, however, it has minimal healing potential. Chondral injury could lead to the development of osteoarthritis (OA) and therefore is a major clinical concern. There have been marrow stimulating technique and osteochondral transplantation explored to promote cartilage repair. In addition, autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) has been developed by Peterson and Brittberg and more than 20,000 cases underwent the procedure all over the world. Recent progress in stem cell research has raised the potential application of stem cell therapy to cartilage repair. In this review, potential application of bone marrow or synovial-derived mesenchymal cells to promote cartilage repair would be discussed.