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9) Caratteristiche biologiche delle cellule staminali derivati da tessuti fetali, del cordone ed estraembrionali



J R Soc Interface. 2010 Aug 25. [Epub ahead of print]


Biological characteristics of stem cells from foetal, cord blood and extraembryonic tissues.

 

Abdulrazzak H, Moschidou D, Jones G, Guillot PV.

Institute of Reproductive and Developmental Biology, Imperial College London, , London W12 0NN, UK.

 

Abstract
Foetal stem cells (FSCs) can be isolated during gestation from many different tissues such as blood, liver and bone marrow as well as from a variety of extraembryonic tissues such as amniotic fluid and placenta. Strong evidence suggests that these cells differ on many biological aspects such as growth kinetics, morphology, immunophenotype, differentiation potential and engraftment capacity in vivo. Despite these differences, FSCs appear to be more primitive and have greater multi-potentiality than their adult counterparts. For example, foetal blood haemopoietic stem cells proliferate more rapidly than those found in cord blood or adult bone marrow. These features have led to FSCs being investigated for pre- and post-natal cell therapy and regenerative medicine applications. The cells have been used in pre-clinical studies to treat a wide range of diseases such as skeletal dysplasia, diaphragmatic hernia and respiratory failure, white matter damage, renal pathologies as well as cancers. Their intermediate state between adult and embryonic stem cells also makes them an ideal candidate for reprogramming to the pluripotent status.

PMID: 20739312 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]